Our eyes are one of the many things that can decline as we get older. In this article, we’ll go over some of the common age-related eye issues, prevention tips, and things that can help with vision loss.
What are the most common age-related vision issues?
- Presbyopia, which means loss of the ability to see close objects or small print.
- Floaters, which are tiny spots or specks that float across your field of vision.
- Dry eyes, where your tear glands don’t make enough tears or produce poor quality tears.
- Tearing, which involves too many tears.
- Cataracts, or cloudy areas that develop in the lens in the front of the eye.
- Glaucoma, which is related to increased pressure inside the eye, and can lead to permanent vision loss and blindness.
- Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), or the loss of cells in the small central portion of the retina known as the macula that leads to blurred or distorted central vision.
- Diabetes-related retinopathy, a complication of diabetes, where small blood vessels stop feeding the retina properly.
- Retinal detachment, or when the inner and outer layers of the retina become separated.
How can I prevent age-related vision issues?
While not all of the vision issues listed above listed above can be prevented, there are several things you can do for healthy eyes and the best vision possible. These steps include:
- See your primary care provider regularly to check for any chronic conditions, like diabetes, that may cause vision issues.
- Visit your eye doctor each year and have a complete eye exam, including dilation, to check your eyesight and for any signs of glaucoma.
- Be open and honest with your primary care provider and eye doctor about any issues you may be having related to your vision.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Wear eye protection outside.
What vision loss aids are available?
If you’re still having vision troubles even with wearing glasses, you may be able to benefit from low-vision aids like:
- Telescopic glasses
- Lenses that filter light
- Magnifying glasses
- Electronic devices like e-books and iPads for reading material